By Alexander Moiseev, Chief Business Officer at Kaspersky
After many months of downtime, the much-anticipated resumption of major motorsport races has begun. However, like all other real-world sports, there have been various changes brought about because of the COVID-19 pandemic. For example, a series of amendments were made to almost everything in Formula 1 – from the race-start procedures and team operational rules, to podium ceremonies.
While ‘social distancing’, a term that I believe to be wrong and could be replaced with ‘spatial distancing’, is the new normal both for fans in the stands and circuits, some say coronavirus may change motorsports forever. However, what has already changed both motorsports and vehicles forever is connectivity, which has thrived in the past decade
How did the decade change both racing and ordinary cars?
Motorsport enthusiasts may characterize the past decade as the era of two outstanding racers – Sebastian Vettel and Lewis Hamilton. But for F1 engineers and the bigger backstage team the last 10 years were definitely connected to the ever-increasing digitalization of racing cars – they became so crammed with high-tech units that nowadays have more in common with the International Space Station than the average vehicle on the road.
An array of sensors is baked into every component of the modern racecar – from about 50 of them in the engine, to those integrated into tires and returning information about the road, the grip, and so on.
All these sensors enable the high-speed transmission, collection and analysis of vital data needed to pinpoint possible problems, improve race day strategies, individual performance of a pilot, as well as of cars themselves, turning once a gut-feeling sport into the clash of IT solutions “telling” people what to do.
Nowadays motorsport cannot be imagined without telemetry. Engineers collect and process tons of data during each ride, and the amount of exchanged information between F1 cars and the support team continues to grow exponentially. For example, just a few years ago a crew pulled 60GB of data from a car in a single racing weekend, today this number stands at about 2TB.
Technology helped the racing sport a lot to move forward, powering Formula 1 as much as the drivers themselves do. And like drivers wear ultra-protective helmets, securing the data is no less important – we know this firsthand as we have worked in Formula 1 for more than 10 years.
The 2010s have also significantly changed everyday vehicles – they’ve had eventually given up being just means of transportation, becoming full-fledged entertainment, communications and productivity hubs with hundreds of systems and apps connected to the internet, the cloud and their surroundings.
But IT complexity and security are conflicting features. The more complex systems and codes you have, the more chances to miss bugs even after very thorough testing procedures, putting your data and the vehicles themselves at risk.
No wonder why over the past 10 years our time-proven expertise in making complex solutions secure saw a spike in demand from the transportation industry. Today Kaspersky works with several carmakers and manufacturers of key connected car components, becoming a household name in automotive cybersecurity.
Our collaborative partnership with Scuderia Ferrari, that started in 2010 and later expanded to Ferrari itself, allows us not only provide the legendary carmaker’s one-of-a-kind IT infrastructure with state-of the art cybersecurity, but also learn a lot about the car industry itself and work on and improve the ways we can help it. Our understandings from motorsport are being transferred to connected cars on the road today via our products and services from Kaspersky Transportation System Security portfolio.
Unlike point security solutions that don’t provide overall protection, Kaspersky Transportation System Security is tailored to secure the whole ecosystem of the connected vehicles, including transport infrastructure, car factories, vehicle components and cars themselves, providing 360-degree cybersecurity to endpoints, IT systems and data.
What awaits the automotive industry in the future?
All the forward-looking carmakers, will undoubtedly continue getting the best out of opportunities that the latest technologies offer, and we will be more than eager to customize unique cybersecurity solutions that reflect their needs.
At the same time, the cars in the streets will become more cluttered with interconnected technologies, with demand for cyber-protection evolving accordingly.
Analysts forecast that by 2023, worldwide sales of connected cars will exceed 76 million units, meaning that nearly 70% of worldwide new light-duty vehicles and trucks will be shipped with embedded connectivity, bringing new services and business models to bear in automotive markets.
The communication between car components, other vehicles as well as traffic management infrastructure will continue increasing, along with the quantity of data between the users of the vehicle and the outside world.
Moreover, the growing trend for self-driving vehicles will require industry-wide consensus to create large-scale platforms for collecting, processing and sharing specific mapping data.
Therefore, the role of IT technologies in the automotive sector will be exponential, while connected vehicles and intelligent transport systems will need thorough protection against online threats and breaches.
We even may suppose that it may go as far as in, let’s say, 10-15 years AI algorithms will be competing with real sportsmen or even each other on supercar race tracks and people will watch it closely, like many followed man-versus-computer chess battles between IBM’s Deep Blue and Garry Kasparov in 1996–97.
We can’t be sure if that eventually happens, but we’re confident that new technologies of tomorrow need cybersecurity as an enabler. And Kaspersky has unique knowledge and time-proven solutions that already help to bring on the safe and secure future of connected vehicles.